The Disston No. 43 Combination Saw is one of the most admired saws that came
from the factory of Henry Disston & Sons. It was
the most advanced and most expensive in a line of "combination" saws that featured
a square and ruler in their design. The saw was produced
continually from 1858 to 1918.
The saw was based on three patents:
Patent 14,863 - 05/13/1856: Improvement in the
Construction of Handsaws by Jackson Gorham
Patent 20,313 - 05/18/1858: Device Attached to
Handsaws for Squaring and Marking
by Hiram Smith, assignor to Henry Disston.
Patent 20,337 - 05/25/1858:
Leveling Device Attached to Hand-Saws by Henry Disston and Thomas L. Morse.
Initially, the concept of the square and ruler was invented by
Jackson Gorham. Disston used this patent under license from
Jackson Gorham. Two years later Hiram Smith patented another
design, using Gorham's patent as a basis for improvement.
Finally, Henry Disston and Thomas L. Morse received a patent
introducing a level to previous patented designs and No. 43 was
The following images show No. 43 saw from
the collection on Jim Bode.